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Is DMAA Legal?

by Nader Qudimat
Updated July 13, 2023

1,3-Dimethylamylamine, more commonly known as DMAA, is a stimulant once a popular ingredient in sports supplements and weight loss products.

It's known for enhancing athletic performance and promoting weight loss.

However, its legality has been a subject of much debate and controversy.

Is DMAA legal?

The answer to this question is complex and varies depending on the country.

Let's dig into it...

DMAA Legality: Quick Overview

In the USA, while the sale of DMAA in dietary supplements is banned by the FDA, no federal law prohibits its personal use.

Globally, the legality of possessing and using DMAA varies, with some countries having strict bans or regulations.

Consumers need to be aware of their local laws and the health risks associated with DMAA use.

DMAA in the United States

DMAA, or 1,3-dimethylamylamine, is a synthetic substance used in sports performance and weight loss products, many of which were marketed as dietary supplements.

However, the FDA has deemed DMAA not to be a dietary ingredient, and thus, products containing DMAA marketed as dietary supplements are considered illegal and in violation of the law.

The FDA has been actively working to ensure DMAA-containing products are removed from the market.

This has involved issuing company warning letters, discussing concerns with firms during facility inspections, and even seizing DMAA-containing products.

The FDA's stance is based on the lack of information demonstrating that consuming DMAA is safe.

DMAA can narrow blood vessels and arteries, leading to increased blood pressure and potential cardiovascular problems such as shortness of breath, arrhythmias, chest tightness, and even heart attacks.

Seizures and other neurological and psychological conditions have also been associated with DMAA use.

Despite the FDA's efforts, some DMAA-containing products may still be on the market.

Consumers are advised to check product labels for DMAA or its other names, such as 1,3-DMAA, 1,3-dimethylpentylamine, 2-amino-4-methylhexane, 2-hexanamine, 4-methyl- (9CI), 4-methyl-2-hexanamine, 4-methyl-2-hexylamine, dimethylamylamine, geranamine, methylhexanamine, and methylhexanenamine.

DMAA In Other Countries

The legal status of DMAA varies significantly around the world. In some countries, like Canada and Australia, DMAA is classified as a controlled substance and is therefore illegal to sell or possess without a license.

In other countries, such as the United Kingdom, DMAA is legal to buy and possess but illegal to sell or supply.

There are also countries where DMAA is completely legal to buy and sell.

Read: DMAA: Benefits, Side Effects, Safety

In many countries, the legality of DMAA is a contentious issue.

While some nations have outright banned the substance, others have more lenient regulations.

Here's a look at the legal status of DMAA in a few countries:

Australia

In Australia, DMAA is classified as a Schedule 9 substance under the Poisons Standard, making it illegal to manufacture, sell, or use DMAA products.

This classification is reserved for substances that may have a high potential for abuse or harm and are not available to the public for any purpose.

The Australian Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA) has issued warnings about the risks associated with DMAA and has taken action to remove products containing DMAA from the market.

Canada

Health Canada classifies DMAA as a drug and is not authorized for sale in any health products.

Products containing DMAA are considered unapproved drugs and are illegal to sell.

Health Canada has warned about the risks associated with DMAA and advises consumers not to use any products containing this substance.

United Kingdom

DMAA is classified as a Class C drug in the United Kingdom, making it illegal to manufacture, sell, or possess without a license.

The Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) has issued warnings about the risks associated with DMAA and has taken action to remove products containing DMAA from the market.

New Zealand

In New Zealand, DMAA is classified as a Class C controlled drug, making it illegal to manufacture, sell, or possess without a license.

The New Zealand Medicines and Medical Devices Safety Authority (Medsafe) has warned about the risks associated with DMAA and has taken action to remove products containing DMAA from the market.

DMAA Legality In The European Union

DMAA, also known as 1,3-dimethylamylamine, methylhexanamine, or geranium extract, is currently considered illegal in the European Union (EU). This status applies to all countries within the EU, including Poland and Portugal.

The compound, an amphetamine derivative, has been marketed in sports performance and weight loss products, many of which are sold as dietary supplements.

However, the EU has determined that DMAA is not a dietary ingredient, and therefore, products containing DMAA marketed as dietary supplements are considered illegal.

This stance is echoed by the Council for Responsible Nutrition UK, which has stated that "DMAA is illegal in the EU and should be stripped from shelves."

The EU's position on DMAA is based on concerns about the safety and potential health risks associated with its use.

As such, consumers within the EU are advised not to purchase or use any product containing DMAA.

Implications Of DMAA's Legal Status

The legal status of DMAA has significant implications for consumers, manufacturers, and regulators.

For consumers, the legality of DMAA can affect their ability to purchase and use products containing this stimulant.

For manufacturers, the legal status of DMAA can impact their ability to include this ingredient in their products and expose them to potential legal and financial risks.

For regulators, the legality of DMAA presents challenges in terms of enforcement and the protection of public health.

DMAA Presence In Pre-Workouts

Companies are still able to include DMAA in their formulas due to a variety of reasons.

One of the primary reasons is the ongoing debate about whether DMAA is a dietary ingredient.

The FDA has ruled that DMAA is not a dietary ingredient and is not generally considered safe, but some companies have argued otherwise.

Another reason is the lack of strict regulation and enforcement.

While DMAA has been illegal for dietary supplements since 2013, many products that contain (or at least claim to contain) DMAA are still available for sale.

This is largely due to the fact that the supplement industry is largely self-regulated, and the FDA only steps in when there is a problem.

Furthermore, DMAA is often listed under different names such as 1,3 dimethylamylamine, methylhexaneamine (MHA), and 'geranium extract', among others.

This makes it harder for consumers and regulators to identify products containing DMAA.

It's also worth noting that DMAA is a powerful stimulant that can increase energy, heighten mental focus, burn fat, and decrease appetite.

These effects make it a popular ingredient in dietary and pre-workout supplements, further driving its use despite the associated risks and legal issues.

However, it's important to remember that just because a company can include DMAA in their formulas doesn't mean it's safe or legal.

The FDA strongly advises against using DMAA due to the potential health risks, and it's illegal for use by service members.

How to Tell if Your Product Contains DMAA

Identifying whether a product contains DMAA can be a bit tricky due to the various terms and synonyms used for DMAA.

It's essential to be aware of these different names when checking product labels.

Some of the most common ones include:

  • 1,3-dimethylamylamine
  • Methylhexanamine
  • Geranamine

However, it's important to note that laboratory testing is the only definitive way to determine if a product contains DMAA.

Therefore, using only dietary supplements with evidence of third-party testing by a reputable independent laboratory is recommended.

This ensures that the product has been thoroughly examined for its contents, including any potential presence of DMAA.

Remember, DMAA is not considered a dietary ingredient and is not generally recognized as safe.

Therefore, it's crucial to be cautious when choosing dietary supplements and to always check the labels for any potential DMAA content.

See this list for the safest, FDA-approved pre-workouts.

FAQ

What is DMAA?

DMAA, also known as 1,3-dimethylamylamine, is a stimulant drug once an ingredient in some workout supplements and weight loss aids. It is known for its psychoactive effects and is similar in structure to amphetamines.

Is DMAA legal?

The legality of DMAA varies by country. In the United States, the FDA has issued warnings about DMAA, which is generally considered illegal for use in dietary supplements. In other countries, such as Canada and Australia, DMAA is considered a controlled and illegal substance.

How can I tell if a product contains DMAA?

DMAA may be listed on product labels under various names, including geranium extract, methylhexanamine, or several other chemical names. If you see any of these on a product label, the product likely contains DMAA.

What are the effects of DMAA?

DMAA is a stimulant, and can increase heart rate and blood pressure. It can cause various effects, from mild (like increased energy and focus) to severe (like heart attack or stroke).

Is DMAA safe?

DMAA is considered unsafe due to its potential to cause serious cardiovascular side effects, including heart attack and stroke. The FDA advises consumers not to use any dietary supplements containing DMAA.

Can I purchase DMAA online?

While it may be possible to find DMAA for sale online, it is generally illegal to sell DMAA in many countries, including the United States, due to its health risks. You can find DMAA online here.

What should I do if I have taken a product containing DMAA?

If you have taken a product containing DMAA and are experiencing adverse effects, seek medical attention immediately.

Are there alternatives to DMAA for energy and focus?

Yes, there are many legal and safe alternatives to DMAA for energy and focus, including caffeine, B vitamins, and herbal supplements. Always consult with a healthcare provider before starting any new supplement regimen.

What should I do if I find a product that contains DMAA?

If you find a product that contains DMAA, you should report it to your local health authority or the FDA in the United States. It is generally illegal to sell products containing DMAA due to its health risks.

What are the penalties for selling products containing DMAA?

Penalties for selling products containing DMAA can vary by country, but may include fines, seizure of products, and even criminal charges.

Bottom Line

In conclusion, the legal status of DMAA is complex and varies by country.

In the U.S., DMAA is illegal due to health concerns and lack of evidence supporting its safety.

However, in other countries, DMAA's legal status can range from being a controlled substance to being completely legal.

Regardless of its legal status, it's important for consumers and manufacturers to be aware of the potential risks associated with DMAA and to make informed decisions about its use.

by Nader Qudimat

Forged by iron and cold steel, I'm Nader, a mid-30s natural bodybuilder. Once a 100lb skinny guy, I've transformed into a 200lb muscular athlete with over 15 years of lifting experience. Today, I leverage my transformation and extensive experience to guide countless individuals on their fitness journeys.

Click here to check out my 12 year transformation: Natural 12 Year Transformation

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